Communication & Language Development

Communication and Language Development (CL) for our Pre-School

As your child gets older they begin to develop not only their ability to communicate but also their key skills in listening, attention and understanding. Not only does this give the children the basis for reading and writing skills but also the essential life skills to communicate thoughts and feeling with others.

Communication and Language is broken down into three aspects:

  • Listening and attention
  • Understanding
  • Speaking

Listening and Attention

Where it may be one on one or in small groups, children will begin to listen to conversations that interest them. As they become more confident with communication and begin to remember key events children will show increasing attention and recall of stories for example, when reading a book such as ‘Going on a Bear Hunt’ which has a lot of repeated phrases in it. With increasing confidence with speech children will be able to focus their attention. For example they can listen to something or be playing with something else at one time; however they can shift their own attention from one to another. This aspect also allows the child to develop their skills in following directions. Often as children get older they want to be more independent for example, ‘Please open the door.’

Understanding

By giving children clear directions and help them to complete them this allows the children to develop an understanding of what they are asked to do. Children not only learn by being spoken to but also through physically being shown. By providing practical experiences that encourage children to ask questions children will develop the understanding of why and how questions, as well as the difference between them.

Speaking

As well as being able to talk about things in the present or their own needs children develop the ability to retell simple past events for example, ‘went to the park with mummy and went on my bike.’ They begin to use more complex sentences such as using because to link their thoughts. Furthermore they use their talk to explain what is happening, anticipate what may happen and recall past experiences. Often children will do this in their play. For example being in a box which is their ‘train’ and their train gets lost. Children will use their play as a way to experiment with language and how to commutate effectively with their peers.

Children are like sponges, they soak up a lot of information in a short period of time. Therefore at Toybox we believe it is important for our staff to demonstrate excellent communication skills not only verbally but also by using positive body language. Children want to learn new things constantly and are always questioning why things happen. This questioning may not be verbal but may be a look or pointing. We understand how important allowing the child to lead some of their own learning is not only to condense their understanding but also for their own self belief that they can ask questions which will be answered.

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