Physical Development

Physical Development (PD) for Pre-School

Physical development is as the title suggests about how babies and young children gain control of their bodies, but it also includes how children learn about keeping themselves active and healthy and how they learn to use equipment and materials successfully and safely.

Physical Development is broken down into two aspects:

  • Moving and Handling
  • Health and Self-Care

Moving and Handling

This does not just relate to the children being able to walk and run but also to small skills such as holding a pencil correctly. Both these large and small physical skills are very important for the children’s physical development. Children need to be able to negotiate obstacles by slowing down or moving out of the way safely and mount and walk downstairs correctly. With regard to smaller physical skills this leads to early writing skills. For example, holding a pencil correctly and copying letters of their name allow the children to develop their writing skills.

Health and Self-Care

This aspect encourages children learn what their body needs for example rest, play or food. Children will also be gaining more bowel and bladder control and will often be able to wash and dry their hands independently. At this stage in their development children will also be able to help with dressing for example putting on their coat and asking for help to start the zip.

At Toybox we encourage the children to begin to become more independent in their own self care for example washing their hands and beginning to go to the toilet by themselves. In the Pre-School we do this by having the toilet door open for the children to go and use when they need. There is also an adult around that area to help with any tricky zips. The pegs and the children’s shoe boxes are at a level which they can reach thus making self-dressing that little bit easier. With regard to moving and handling skills we use a wide range of resources to engage all children in mark making from using white boards to writing in the mud. This allows all children no matter their ability to join in, have fun and learn.

 

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