Literacy

Literacy (L) for Reception Children

Being literate is essential in almost every aspect of adult life whether we are planning a holiday, selecting a DVD or delivering parcels. During the early years children are able to develop a full understanding of literature before they begin to read and write, enabling them to use prompts and cues.

Literacy has two aspects:

  • Reading
  • Writing

Reading

This aspect focuses on a child’s ability to know how stories are structured as well as beginning to recognize letters, sounds and words that are familiar to them. Children begin to build their vocabulary and ability to spell new words by starting to rhyme words and know that they sound similar. Children are encouraged to hear the initial sounds in words, breaking them up verbally into different sounds and then being able to blend the sounds back together to make a word, using their phonic knowledge to decode words. Children learn to link sounds to letters and learn the names of the letters of the alphabet, in order to begin reading words and simple sentences. It is encouraged to use vocabulary and forms of speech that they are familiar with from their experiences of books and to know that information can be retrieved from print in a variety of sources. Children demonstrate a good understanding about what they have read when talking to others.

Writing

As children begin to write they will start by making marks and giving increasing meaning to these marks. It is encouraged that children break their flow of speech into clear words with pausing. Similar to the aspects of reading children learn to hear initial sounds in words, breaking the sounds up and blending them together in order to write them. By knowing the letters of the alphabet children can use letters to clearly communicate meaning and begin to write their own name along with other things such as labels and captions. Children will use their phonetic knowledge to write words that match spoken sound for example writing ‘sok’ instead of ‘sock’. Children start to wriote simple sentences which can be read by themselves and others.

At Toybox we give the children the opportunity to read and write in all activities that they do, whether it be investigating bugs on a bug hunt in the garden and recording what they find, or writing a story. We encourage children’s literacy skills through activities like name cards for children to recognise their own name and their friends names,  tracing letters and names which encourages the children to begin to write their own name and other words, phonics sessions so that children can identify sounds and start to blend these together in their reading, and writing. We use flash cards to develop language and vocabulary and story boards enabling children to draw and write their own stories. We encourage children to draw their own pictures without outlines and talk about what it is as well as writing about what they have drawn.

 

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