Personal Social & Emotional Development

Personal Social and Emotional Development (PSED) for Reception Children

Personal, Social and Emotional Development is recognised as a base for children’s learning. It supports children’s development by helping them to interact effectively with others, learning key social skills in sharing and communicating with their peers along with developing a sense of self and building their own confidence and awareness in who they are. However, this does not happen in isolation and relies on influential adults such as parents and carers providing them with positive feedback and a good role model to help them develop positive behaviours and attitudes.

PSED is broken down into three aspects:

  • Making relationships
  • Self-confidence and self-awareness
  • Managing feelings and behavior

Making relationships

This aspect looks at how children are able to play co-operatively with other by taking turns, sharing toys and taking steps to resolve conflicts with other children. This helps children to initiate conversations with other children, explain their own knowledge and understanding as well as asking questions of others. It encourages children to take account of what others are saying and their ideas for play and activities, understanding someone else may think differently. Children learn to show sensitivity towards others and their feelings, forming positive relationships with both adults and children alike.

Self-confidence and self-awareness

This aspect focuses on developing children’s confidence to speak to others about what they need, want, their interests and their opinions. It encourages children to describe themselves in a positive way, thinking about their own unique abilities and talents. It encourages children to become more confident in trying out new and different activities along with explaining why they enjoy certain activities more than others. Children develop the confidence to speak in small groups about their ideas, what resources they may need and how they are going to complete a chosen activity. Children develop the confidence to say when they need help and when they don’t.

Managing Feelings and Behaviour

This aspect enables children to understand that their own actions can affect other people, encouraging them to start managing these feelings and being aware of others as well as being aware of the boundaries that are set along with behvaioural expectations. Children understand that there are consequences to certain actions, allowing them to make their own informed choice.  It encourages children to begin to negotiate and solve problems both independently and with the support of adults. Children are able to adjust their behavior to different social situations and adjust easily to changes in routine.

At Toybox we encourage the children to make their own friends and talk about themselves, their families and their likes. We introduce circle times to allow the children to talk about what they like and don’t like, finding common interest with other children. By providing a range of activities we help children to try out new things, encouraging them to think and talk about activities and develop their own learning by allowing them the freedom to adapt and change their work when necessary and work through problems. By listening to the children and sharing their interests in these activities we help to build up their confidence in themselves and their abilities. We allow children to discuss their feelings freely and also talk to them about how their friends might be feeling in order to build their knowledge and skills. By using puppets and role play at Toybox the children are able to easily put on a different character and explore differing emotions and situations of everyday life.

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