Physical Development

Physical Development (PD) for Reception Children

Physical development is as the title suggests about how babies and young children gain control of their bodies, but it also includes how children learn about keeping themselves active and healthy and how they learn to use equipment and materials successfully and safely.

Physical Development is broken down into two aspects:

  • Moving and Handling
  • Health and Self-Care

Moving and Handling

This aspect encourages children to develop both their large movements and small refined movements. Children learn to experiment with different ways of moving, jumping, negotiating space and traveling with confidence over, under and around objects. Children will begin to use pencils and scissors with one hand showing increasing control over using a variety of tools, construction and malleable materials. It encourages children to develop a preference to being right or left handed and use movements to trace lines, developing on to forming recognizable letters like those in their name.

Health and Self-Care

This aspect encourages children to eat a healthy range of foodstuffs and understand why it is important to have a variety in food. They begin to show some awareness and understanding for the need of good practices in regard to exercise, eating, sleeping and personal hygiene. Children will learn how to keep themselves safe both in and out of nursery by understanding when there is a need for safety in tackling challenges and considering how to assess and manage some risks. Children are encouraged to practice some safety measures appropriately without direct supervision.

At Toybox we encourage the children to undertake new and sometime risky tasks, talking to them about how they are going to complete the task, what sort of things they may need to look out for and how to tackle problems they may face. We provide a range of equipment to help the children develop both their larger and fine movements. We encourage the children to talk about what food they are eating and learn how foods can be good for them when eaten in proportion and with lots of running around in order to keep hearts healthy.  They manage their own personal hygiene by washing their hands before meals and after toileting along with brushing their teeth in the afternoons.

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