Personal Social & Emotional Development

Personal Social and Emotional Development (PSED) for Toddlers

Personal, Social and Emotional Development  supports children’s development by helping them to interact effectively with others, learn key social skills in sharing and communicating as well as developing a sense of self and building their own confidence. However, this requires input from strong role models such as parents, siblings and carers.

PSED is broken down into three aspects:

  • Making relationships
  • Self-confidence and self-awareness
  • Managing feelings and behavior

Making relationships

This area concentrates on the attachments made between children and others, whether it is with family, carers or peers. Children start to build special friendships with other children whom they share interests with, spend lots of time with or enjoy sharing experiences with. At this age children start to understand their feelings and emotions, showing affection to people who are special to them.

Self-confidence and self-awareness

This aspect focuses on children and their confidence to try new things and explore new environments with the encouragement and support from someone they feel safe with, a family member or carer. Children start to develop their own preferences and interest and with the confidence and security are able to express this in front of other children. This area also encompasses children’s sense of self, as they begin to develop independence in things they do, such as starting to dress themselves or help with washing hands.

Managing feelings and behaviour

This area looks at how children start to manage how they behave, stopping themselves from doing things they shouldn’t and understanding and responding to boundaries set by parents or carers. Children at this age also start to develop an understanding of their feelings and others feelings too. First children must be able to express their own feelings such as sad or happy before being able to respond to others wishes and feelings. Some children may seek comfort from special people and others are able to distract themselves with a new play activity or game when they are upset. Once children establish an understanding of their own feelings they are able to start recognising the feelings of others, for example giving comfort to someone who is upset.

At Toybox we encourage children to play alongside others watching their play and begin to join in, this enables them to start relationships with other children around them. We introduce song and story times where all the children sit together and sing songs or are read stories. Children are encouraged to speak out in front of their peers by choosing a song they would like to sing or a story they would like to be read. By providing different activities both indoor and outdoor we are encouraging children to explore new environments and new play activities. Whilst observing the children we identify interests they have to ensure activities are set up for children to share these interests and experiences.  We allow children to talk about their feelings and provide visual aids such as an emotions and feelings puzzle to help them identify how they feel or how others might feel.

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