Physical Development

Physical Development (PD) for Toddlers

Physical development is as the title suggests about how babies and young children gain control of their bodies, but it also includes how children learn about keeping themselves active and healthy and how they learn to use equipment and materials successfully and safely.

Physical Development is broken down into two aspects:

  • Moving and Handling
  • Health and Self-Care

Moving and Handling

This aspect encourages children to take part in different movements that uses all parts of their bodies and different muscle groups, smaller (fine) and larger (gross). There is a lot of emphasis on developing fine motor skills ready for writing, showing control when using mark making tools starting to use a tripod grip when using writing tools and starting to draw simple shapes like circles and lines. Larger muscle developments include climbing nursery equipment such as the Rapunzel tower, walking up and down the stairs and running.

Health and Self-Care

This aspect encourages children to start to recognise danger, such as crossing the roads and strangers and being able to seek out adults for help when needed. Children are encouraged to feed themselves without any support using a fork and spoon, as well as drinking from an open top beaker without spilling, ensuring children receive a full drink each time. This area also encompasses the start of dressing and hygiene routines, encouraging children to help with dressing as well as communicate their need for the toilet. Children will often want to be independent but still require some adult support.

At Toybox we respond to children’s needs for food and drink as well as toileting, listening to children about what foods they like to eat and talking about what is healthy and what isn’t. Routines are in place to ensure the children can follow the daily pattern and start to become independent including washing their own hands at snack time and brushing their own teeth. Children are taken out into the local community on walks to ensure they are aware of danger and the risk of crossing roads, cars, strangers and building equipment. Children are encouraged to become independent and are highly praised when doing so.

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